Bayanin masana'antu

Tarihin Masks

2020-10-24
China ce kasa ta farko a duniya da ta fara amfani da abin rufe fuska.
A zamanin da, don hana ƙura da gurɓatacciyar iska, mutanen da ke cikin kotu sun fara rufe bakinsu da hancinsu da kyallayen siliki.
Rikodin "Mencius · Daga Low": "Xi Zi ba shi da tsabta, sa'annan mutane duka sun rufe hanci suka wuce.
Rashin tsabta bashi da kyau mutum rufe hanci da hannu ko hannayenshi, kuma bai dace ayi wasu abubuwa ba. Daga baya, wasu mutane sun yi amfani da wani zanin siliki don toshe hanci da bakinsu.
A cikin littafinsa The Travels of Marco Polo, Marco Polo ya bayyana abubuwan da ya fuskanta na rayuwa a China tsawon shekaru goma sha bakwai.
Ofayansu ya ce, "A cikin daular Yuan, duk wanda ya ba da abinci ya rufe bakinsa da hancinsa da zane na siliki don kada numfashinsa ya taɓa abincinsa."
Mayafin alharini da ke rufe baki da hanci shi ne asalin abin rufe fuska.

A farkon karni na 13, masks sun bayyana ne kawai a kotunan kasar Sin.
Don hana numfashinsu isa abincin sarki, masu jiran aiki sunyi amfani da siliki da zaren zinare don yin maski

An fara amfani da masks a aikin likita a ƙarshen karni na 19.
Lederch masanin cututtukan cututtukan Bajamushe ya fara ba wa ma'aikatan kula da lafiya shawarar amfani da abin rufe fuska don hana kamuwa da cututtukan ƙwayoyin cuta

A farkon karni na 20, masks da farko sun zama masu mahimmanci a rayuwar jama'a.
Yayin da cutar ta Spain ta mamaye duniya, ta kashe kimanin mutane miliyan 50, an nemi talakawa da su sanya maski don kare kansu daga cutar.

A tsakiyar da ƙarshen karni na 20, ana amfani da masks a kan babban sikelin.
Masks sun taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen hanawa da toshe yaduwar kwayoyin cuta yayin yaduwar cutar mura da yawa a tarihi.

A watan Maris na 1897, Medici na Jamusanci ya gabatar da hanyar rufe baki da hanci da gaz don hana mamayewar ƙwayoyin cuta.
Daga baya, wani ya sanya abin rufe fuska da yadudduka guda shida, wanda aka dinka shi a kan abin wuyan kuma ana amfani da shi ta hanyar rufe bakin da hanci.
Koyaya, dole ne a riƙe abin rufe fuska koyaushe, wanda yake da matukar wahala.
Sannan wani ya fito da hanyar da za a ɗaura madauri a kunne, kuma ya zama abin rufe fuska da mutane suke amfani da shi a yau.

A shekarar 1910, lokacin da annobar ta barke a garin Harbin na kasar Sin, Dr. Wu Liande, wanda a lokacin shi ne mataimakin Sufeto Janar na Kwalejin Kiwon Lafiya ta Beiyang Army, ya kirkiri "Wu mask".

A cikin 2003, amfani da yaduwar masks ya kai wani sabon matsayi. Cutar ta SARS ta kusan sanya masks sayarwa na ɗan lokaci. Akwai dogayen layuka a gaban manyan shagunan saida magunguna kuma mutane sun ruga don sayan abin rufe fuska.

A shekarar 2009, bayan annobar "zazzabin tsuntsaye" ta 2004, mura ta H1N1 ta sake kawo wasu dakaru na masks zuwa kafafen yada labarai na duniya.

Bayyanar da tunanin haɗarin iska na PM2.5 a cikin 2013 ya jawo hankalin jama'a game da gurɓatar iska, yana sanya masks da sauran kayan kariya masu shahara yayin kwanakin hazo.

A ranar 7 ga Fabrairu, 2020, fiye da ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya 30 da masu ba da agaji a Cibiyar Disinfection da Kayayyakin Asibiti na Asibitin Haɗa Na Biyu na Xi 'wani jami'ar Jiaotong sun yi maski ta yin amfani da abubuwa irin su mayafin da ba a saƙa a cikin marufin likitanci, takarda mai ɗauke da narkar da N95. zane zane don kayan aiki.